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  • Tabernacle Baptist Church

Micah: An Introduction - 5/10/23


An Overview:


Chapters 1-3 – The coming judgement

Chapters 4-5 – The restoration to follow

Chapters 6-7 – The plea for repentance


Time of Ministry: 735-710 B.C.


In the days of:

  • Jotham (739-731 B.C.)

  • Ahaz (731-715 B.C.)

  • Hezekiah (715-686 B.C.)

    • Before his reforms

Setting:


Deals primarily with Judah, but does address the northern kingdoms fall in 722 B.C.

  • Economic prosperity

  • Spiritual decline

Contemporary of Hosea in the northern kingdom and of Isaiah in the court of Jerusalem.


Themes:


Judgment and Forgiveness

  • God will judge disobedience/sinners

  • God will keep his covenant promises (their will be a remnant)

  • Blessings on those that will repent

The Lord, the Judge who scatters his people for their transgressions and sins, is also the Shepherd-King who in covenant faithfulness gathers, protects, and forgives them. CROSSWAY BIBLES, THE ESV STUDY BIBLE (WHEATON, IL: CROSSWAY BIBLES, 2008), 1693.
Key Themes The character of the sovereign Lord and the sins of his people demand judgment (1:2–5; 2:3; 6:1–2, 9–11). The sentence of God’s “lawsuit” comes in the form of an oppressor (1:15; 4:11; 5:1, 5–6) and by means of covenant curses (6:13–15) rendered for covenant unfaithfulness (6:16). A Shepherd-King gathers and delivers a remnant (2:12–13; 4:6–8; 7:14, 18). This deliverer, functioning as a new David, will come from the very region under Assyrian control (5:2–5a). Covenant faithfulness consists not merely in ritual but in the proper expression of the primary forms of love: justice, mercy, and faithfulness (6:8; cf. Matt. 23:23). The Lord is the focus of worship. The nations will no longer “flow” to false gods (cf. Jer. 51:44) but to Zion to learn of the true Lord and to live in peace (Mic. 4:1–5; 7:12; cf. Isa. 2:2–5). The liberating light of grace flowing from the Lord’s steadfast love (Mic. 7:18–20) overcomes the ominous sentence due to sin (7:8–9). Forgiveness is grounded in God’s faithfulness to his promises (7:20). God’s saving acts in the past (6:4–5; 7:14–15) are interpretative analogies for his saving acts in the future (7:19–20). CROSSWAY BIBLES, THE ESV STUDY BIBLE (WHEATON, IL: CROSSWAY BIBLES, 2008), 1694
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