Micah: An Introduction - 5/10/23
Chapters 1-3 – The coming judgement
Chapters 4-5 – The restoration to follow
Chapters 6-7 – The plea for repentance
Time of Ministry: 735-710 B.C.
In the days of:
Jotham (739-731 B.C.)
Ahaz (731-715 B.C.)
Hezekiah (715-686 B.C.)
Before his reforms
Deals primarily with Judah, but does address the northern kingdoms fall in 722 B.C.
Contemporary of Hosea in the northern kingdom and of Isaiah in the court of Jerusalem.
Judgment and Forgiveness
God will judge disobedience/sinners
God will keep his covenant promises (their will be a remnant)
Blessings on those that will repent
The Lord, the Judge who scatters his people for their transgressions and sins, is also the Shepherd-King who in covenant faithfulness gathers, protects, and forgives them. CROSSWAY BIBLES, THE ESV STUDY BIBLE (WHEATON, IL: CROSSWAY BIBLES, 2008), 1693.
Key Themes The character of the sovereign Lord and the sins of his people demand judgment (1:2–5; 2:3; 6:1–2, 9–11). The sentence of God’s “lawsuit” comes in the form of an oppressor (1:15; 4:11; 5:1, 5–6) and by means of covenant curses (6:13–15) rendered for covenant unfaithfulness (6:16). A Shepherd-King gathers and delivers a remnant (2:12–13; 4:6–8; 7:14, 18). This deliverer, functioning as a new David, will come from the very region under Assyrian control (5:2–5a). Covenant faithfulness consists not merely in ritual but in the proper expression of the primary forms of love: justice, mercy, and faithfulness (6:8; cf. Matt. 23:23). The Lord is the focus of worship. The nations will no longer “flow” to false gods (cf. Jer. 51:44) but to Zion to learn of the true Lord and to live in peace (Mic. 4:1–5; 7:12; cf. Isa. 2:2–5). The liberating light of grace flowing from the Lord’s steadfast love (Mic. 7:18–20) overcomes the ominous sentence due to sin (7:8–9). Forgiveness is grounded in God’s faithfulness to his promises (7:20). God’s saving acts in the past (6:4–5; 7:14–15) are interpretative analogies for his saving acts in the future (7:19–20). CROSSWAY BIBLES, THE ESV STUDY BIBLE (WHEATON, IL: CROSSWAY BIBLES, 2008), 1694